History behind the Surrogacy
History says during 1953 a pregnancy of transient biochemical nature was reported by the researchers at Australian Foxton School. The first fertilized egg was extracted intact by John rock. The other first was fertilization of a human oocyte and achieving pregnancy through the in virto techniques, which was reported by The Lancet, in 1973, by the research tem of Monash University. It actually lasted for countable days and as on date this technique is called bio-chemical pregnancy. As a further development, a report about an ectopic pregnancy was aired in 1976 by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe. The same researchers had further successfully developed a path breaking conception leading to the birth of world’s first IVF baby Louise Brown, in Oldham General Hospital, on July, 25, 1978, in Greater Manchester, UK.
Biological or Surrogate mother?
Generally a “Mother” is a woman who conceives by supplying the ovum to get sperm to be fertilized, gives birth to a child, raises the child and grows the child. After the birth of the child there are many vital issues which are always very important and inseparable between the mother and the child as because the mother is to take up different religious, cultural and social roles. Many complexities and differences also evolve regarding a mother’s religious, cultural and social roles and definitions if the mother is Surrogate.
In case of biological mother, a pregnant woman matures a fertilized ovum through gestation process. In this process a fetus is developed due to the fertilized ovum that is otherwise called “embryo”. The gestation process takes place in the woman’s uterus, at the start it is conception, but when it is carried up to the term it is called “fetus”. After the fetus is fully grown and it is delivered, it is a ‘baby”. After the birth of a baby many biological activities start like production of milk, lactation etc. In this phase the entire relationship turns to a new horizon. In this situation a biological mother and her new baby gets closer day by day. Many physical, psychological, sentimental attachments take place as the bond between the mother and the child.
As the surrogacy has been classified into 6 different groups, in the Gestational Surrogacy (GS), the procedure is implanting of the embryo into the mother, who will carry it to full term as surrogate mother. The child born will have no genetic relation with the surrogate mother, but the child will be genetically related to its parents, in this process, In the Traditional Surrogacy (TS), after taking the intending father’s sperm, a surrogate mother is artificially inseminated under any of the processes like IVF, home insemination or IUI. The child born will have the genetic relation with the intended father and the surrogate mother in this method. In the Donor Sperm & Traditional Surrogacy (DS/TS) procedure a surrogate mother gets inseminated by the donor sperm by taking the artificial routes like IVF or IUI or home insemination, the child born will have the genetic relation with the donor father and the surrogate mother through this method.